“An Overview of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator”

By Kendra Cherry for Very Well Mind


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Specialist, Writer, Speaker, Social Entrepreneur, Founder and President

Connecting The Dots With The Respect Principle

© All Rights Reserved 2014-2019

June 19, 2020



ENIGMA …What Many “MBTI” Introverts Are to “MBTI” Extroverts and How Not Knowing This is Destroying Our World



enig·​ma | \ i-ˈnig-mə
, e-\

Definition of enigma

1 : something hard to understand or explain
2 : an inscrutable or mysterious person
3 : an obscure speech or writing

Definition from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enigma

Dominating the American population and likely many others, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator “Extroverted” Personality Types are a talkative bunch. They talk to process their thoughts, talk to communicate, talk for stimulation, congregate to get energized, and sometimes they listen also. They like group activities, the more the merrier as it ramps up their brain activity. It’s how they function best.

Not so much for Introverts.

On the contrary, the other part of the population are the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator “Introverted” Personality Types, of which I am one, can get burnt out spending too much time with “Extroverts” simply because the external stimulation combined with their own high internal stimulation is overwhelming, while an “Extrovert” spending too much time with “Introverts” can become lethargic, etc. from the lack of external stimulation.

Some people erroneously think introvert means shy, but like many “Introverts,” I’m not shy, in fact I am quite bold, though it may have appeared that way when I had been conditioned to believe I wasn’t up to par with all the “Extroverts” in my life. What none of us knew at the time is that I just  needed quiet time, especially alone time, not because I was being snobbish or thinking myself better than others, but simply because inside my mind is a very active place driven by an internal versus external drive, so quiet surroundings stop me from becoming overloaded with stimulation. Quiet time alone is also where my best problem-solving and creative processing functions best.

As of result of an “Extrovert’s” and an “Introvert’s” natural brain-processing differences, a lot of misunderstanding, confusion, fear, and even prejudice can be generated because some people are so very different from what is familiar to us.

Today is Good Friday, which for Christians means, recognizing the day when Jesus Christ was persecuted and killed for His differences born of people’s fears, ignorance, and resulting prejudice.

Jesus was an enigma … the most mysterious human of all and contradictory to what was deemed acceptable. Therefore the fearful majority demanded His death and the leader of the time, for political reasons, knew he had no choice but to follow their demand, so Jesus was not only killed, but was also made a symbolic spectacle of what would happen to those different from the majority.

Today, the world is still filled with people different from us and of course, the most mysterious to the majority, the “Extroverts” are the “Introverts.”

If an “Introvert” is successful, the mystery surrounding him or her is captivating. Take for instance Keanu Reeves. The attached link takes us to a GQ interview of Keanu, where the interviewer seeks to get the answers many seek about this enigmatic man.


But the thing is, as a high-level “Introvert” I get Keanu even though I do not know him personally nor all the details of his life because I don’t have to in order to know how he works. What I do know is that what people see in photos and on film is what he chooses to reveal for his profession, similar to the ice of an iceberg one sees above the surface, in contrast to the bulk of his essence that lies below the surface.

It is the same for me, but since I am not successful yet, I am not so intriguingly mysterious as I am harshly and incorrectly judged even though I have been working on a body of work that will help raise the standard of living and quality of life of all people. I tried to straddle both worlds, working in the “Extroverts” world, but then I had nothing left energy wise for the “Introverted” world of analysis, problem-solving, and creation of a body of work to help every child, every person, experience being valued … respected simply for being a life … because the world we have created was and is tearing my heart and soul apart with every account of disrespect … neglect, abuse, and violence.

Enigma. Yes, we all enjoy a little bit of mystery in life, but let us not let fear and the resulting prejudice take hold where respect, compassion, and even love need to be to co-create the better world we all want to live in.


Advocate Educator Writer Social Entrepreneur & Founder

Connecting The Dots With The Respect Principle

Smashwords interview @  www.smashwords.com

© All Rights Reserved 2014-2019 

April 19, 2019






“If you were NEVER ENCOURAGED to “be yourself,” or if you ARE CONFUSED about your true nature …”

“Throughout life, circumstances can either work for or against your good type development. In addition to parents and teachers, we are also influenced by siblings, peers, and the culture in which we grow up. Consider this: Over 50 percent of the American population is made up of Extraverted Sensors. Only about 4 percent of the American population comprises, Introverted Intuitives.  Strong messages permeate our culture that its’ better to be the former (action-oriented, social, pragmatic, and practical) than the latter (thoughtful, introspective, complex, and creative).”

“Pressure to be what you aren’t can cause lifelong confusion … “

“If you were never encouraged to “be yourself,” or if you are confused about your true nature, take heart. We have found that Type can help lead people to a productive, fulfilling life based on a sound understanding of their true natures.”

Excerpt from pages 90 and 91 of “Do What You Are” by Paul D. Tieger, Barbara Barron, and Kelly Tieger, 2014, Little Brown & Company

Their work and expertise on the subject of Type is based on the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) that is revolutionizing as well as healing my and my personal and professional life.

I’m confident the knowledge can help anyone become the better version of his or her self too.

With all my heart, hoping you too will become the best version of yourself.



Advocate Educator Writer Social Entrepreneur & Founder

Connecting The Dots With The Respect Principle

Smashwords interview @  www.smashwords.com

© All Rights Reserved 2014-2019 

February 22, 2019



“Getting to Work” … What Phrase Best Describes You?

From “THREE Getting to Work from Paul D. Tieger, Barbara Barron, and Kelly Tieger’s DO WHAT YOU ARE    Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type”

 #8 ENFJ “The Public Relations Specialists”

#9 INFJ “Catalysts for Positive Change”

#10 ENFP “Anything is Possible”

#11 INFP “Still Waters Run Deep”

#12 ENTJ “Everything is Fine – I’m in Charge”

#13 INTJ “Competence + Independence = Perfection”

#14 ENTP “Life’s Entrepreneurs”

#15 INTP “Ingenious Problem Solvers”

#16 ESTJ “Taking Care of Business”

#17 ISTJ “Take Your Time and Do It Right”

#18 ESFJ “What Can I Do For You?”

#19 ISFJ “On My Honor, to Do My Duty …”

#20 ESTP “Let’s Get Busy!”

#21 ISTP “Doing the Best I Can With What I Got”

#22 ESFP “Don’t Worry-Be Happy!”

#23 ISFP “It’s the Thought That Counts

As the authors point out in their book, one type best defines us, though we each fit differently from each group on the scale. We also are influenced by other personality type characteristics linked closest to us.

For instance, when I initially did an official MBTI test when working in a corporate head office, the results revealed  I was an INFJ, which was not a great fit for an organization doing what it was doing and the roles I took on. The reason I was not a great fit was because of my ignorance of my best strengths, interests, and of course, what was challenging for me in the environment and roles I naively placed myself in.

Recently I decided to revisit, but also delve deep into understanding the MBTI with the fifth edition,  Do What You Are   Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type. As the authors also point out, keep in mind that as we gain more experience and mature, we often find our personality types can become more balanced and/or blended.

For example, though the driving force for my work is my passion for helping people, exemplified by an INFJ, “Catalysts for Positive Change”,  I draw on my INTJ , “Competence + Independence = Perfection”,   to support my INFJ passion.

Yet also, characteristics of two the other comparative types I identify with,the INFP, “Still Waters Run Deep”,  and the INTP,  “Ingenious Problem Solvers”, also contribute significantly to my unique personality blend, the perfect mix for the work I am now finally doing as a social entrepreneur fuelled by my natural talents, skills, and experience as a philosopher, innovator, producer, publisher, writer, artist, speaker, and founder of the social business venture, Connecting The Dots With The Respect Principle, driving the global initiative transforming respect from a discretionary value to a global initiative.

May not sound like your cup of tea, but I love all the elements of my work now … the challenges, the innovation, the creativity, and of course, all for the greater good of everyone!

Perhaps all you need to enhance your life, professionally and personally, is to learn a little more about yourself and those in your work and social circles. I highly recommend this well-respected concept, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used for screening potential employees and for guiding students on career paths. Add the authors’ extensive expertise after coaching people, who use the MBTI for such purposes, and you have a wealth of empowering insights, knowledge, and tools to enrich your life on all levels.

Best wishes!


Philosopher Innovator Founder Social Entrepreneur Producer Publisher Writer Artist Speaker

Connecting The Dots With The Respect Principle

Smashwords interview @  www.smashwords.com

© All Rights Reserved 2014-2019 

January 29, 2019





The Factory Mindset … Time to Update Our Way of Thinking About Education

We knew it was coming. They, the forerunners, have been telling us for years that one day farming and industry would no longer dominate and drive our “industry” but would be replaced by the Information Age. We have been told for years that our world would be changed beyond what many of us could dream or even comprehend.

For me, the cartoon, The Jetsons, comes to mind, especially since now we can now “talk” with each other through computer screens as they did in the cartoon fifty years ago.

But the change is more important, broader in-depth, and wider in scope, and even more difficult to achieve when people cling to the traditions that no longer serve us, including the traditional thinking of the industrial age … such as the Factory Education model, when for the most part, the western world lives and grows more enveloped by the Information Age.

The Factory Education model was developed to pour the majority of people through a boxed form of education through institutions in order to prepare a workforce for the changing times from farming to industry. Still going strong today, even with new knowledge, science continues to prove that not everyone learns best in “boxed environments” where everyone is expected to be the same, to learn the same way and to do the same job at the end of their studies.

Even with the multitude of field of study, the Factory Education model still works from the same generic teaching format even with the knowledge gained that very different personality types with complex blends of learning and communication styles, plus diverse social beliefs and experiences, plus the prejudices created by The Disrespect Philosophy that teaches us all no one is to be respected for who they are as unique individuals but for what we judge them as valuable “for” simply means one type of education model is not only inappropriate and not very effective, but very costly in terms of individual and our collective welfare, particularly the varying levels of neglect and abuse the Factory Education model forces upon people with its conformity mandate.

As you may have discovered yesterday by looking up the website I recommended for viewing, people do not quit learning when they abandon their formal institutional studies. I know I certainly did not. Interestingly enough I discovered, my studies, research, analysis and own writing became more prolific as I focused much better in the environments most conducive to my learning styles, mostly at home. And as the list of dropouts shows I am not alone. On the contrary many people become quite successful with their own course of study, well beyond the average person when they leave the Factory Education institutions and strike out on their own. Such people are also so successful because they are forced by their discomfort in the traditional to do the “untraditional” which requires them to think well outside of the box the Factory Model institutions create.

Does this mean the institutionalized education model is becoming irrelevant? No. What it means is we have to move past the traditional way of thinking and doing to foster thriving in everyone.

Maria Montessori developed her educational theory and practice to teach young children based on the university model that encouraged a child’s natural curiosity to foster his and her drive for learning, enabling them to work on their own and together with others at time, guided, of course, but even with the success generated by its students, Montessori Schools are, like universities, mostly accessible by people with the money.

But as the history of dropout successes reveal as does our general history, as much as some people want their children to be the next “great” whatever, we never know where the next “great” is going to come from … so it is vital and beneficial to all of us if we create different education models accessible to all people.

Familiarity with the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality types reveals there are two primary types that are then split into sub-categories based on three other dominant factors. The consultants, Paul D. Tieger and Barbara Barron-Tieger, research revealed the majority of the population are Extroverts … those whose brains require external stimulation around them constantly to feel engaged and energized; therefore also revealing that the Introverts, whose brains, in contrast, receive excessive amounts of internal stimulation and as a result, thrive in quieter home, learning, working, and social environments and activities.

Yet the Factory Education model does not take this into consideration and our schools, particularly junior and senior high school, college and university, reveal the results in the typical stereotyping of students, plus the often tragic consequences created by both the education model and The Disrespect Philosophy.

I believe, with a higher Respect Level, we can honor all individuals by developing new education models to meet the education needs and learning styles more efficiently, effectively and compassionately.

First we must recognize the damage being done to people’s psyches by forcing them against their will to do and be what they are not and to learn in the one way someone has deemed “best.” Recognizing also, the financial burden we put upon our society for having to “correct” and “remedy” the effects created by the damage done by the Factory Education model, we will be more motivated to support not just alternative education, but to establish the two education models suited to the two major personality types and their learning styles.

Like any change, it is not so much learning the new way of thinking and doing things that impedes us … but often it is our refusal to accept that once was working, or was perceived to be working, is no longer working for the purpose the way intended. New knowledge is being discovered and developed every day. Embracing what we know now to make life better for all people will elevate the quality of life … the standard of living of all people, while at the same time, will empower us to use our resources more effectively … to feed, clothe, shelter, educate … so we ensure those who have “great” talents, gifts and ideas that will help lift us all up higher and higher are provided the support to do so … but we cannot do so if we refuse to adapt … to move beyond “tradition” for the sake of staying traditional.

Personally, I enjoy the sand, sea and grass under my feet, so I have no desire to live way above ground like the Jetsons, yet I strongly desire humanity to be inclusive and respectful of our differences … and therefore more adaptive and accommodating to everyone … because I believe every child … every person … should know, by their own experience, they are valued … RESPECTED … and when they are, the world, our shared world, will be a far better place than anything we have yet seen or imagined for all of us.

June 27, 2014

KAT (Kaitlin A. Trepanier)

All rights reserved by KAT (Kaitlin Ann Trepanier) and DARK HORSES PRODUCTIONS launching September 2014 … Entrepreneur, Creative Writer, Visual Artist, The RESPECT Specialist and Architect of the global initiative Connecting the Dots … with The RESPECT PRINCIPLE … because every child … every person … should know, by their own experience, they are valued … RESPECTED.

Difficult People … or Difficult World?

We have all met them. People who just rub us the wrong way … who get our back up … who we just want to say or do something to in order to let them know we do not like them, don’t approve of them, their choices, lifestyle … whatever.

In fact, as books, television, movies and the news show us, many of us even have family members we just can’t stand … and for some people their feelings about other family members even motivate them to commit crimes, even murder.

But are people being difficult for the sake of being difficult? Are people you consider difficult really difficult … or just different? And how much different?

In Connecting the Dots … with The RESPECT PRINCIPLE, my goal was to transform and provide a wealth of knowledge from the various fields of academic study and present them to our youth and to those who do not spend their time reading academic or even popular culture books.

As a result, one of the key components of the book presents the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) … a psychological profiling tool used by organizations and high-level academic institutions to help them secure the people with the personality type, along with other factors, best required for the role they need filled. Initially proposed by Carl Jung, one of the two forerunners of psychology, the other being Sigmund Freud, Jung suggested there were several personality types and then later, the team of Myers-Briggs took his work and made it more accessible as a psychological assessment tool. Later, other teams, such as consultants Paul D. Tieger and Barbara Barron-Tieger made the psychological tool more accessible with their books Do What You Really Are and The Art of Speed Reading People.

The core of the MBTI is there are sixteen personality types, though primarily divided by two main key elements that are supported by other components. The key element defines how a person experiences the world as a result of the way their brain functions and processes information.

Introvert brains are highly stimulated internally and as a result, they require quieter, more removed from the mainstream work and living environments to thrive.

Extrovert brains have a much lower internal stimulus level and as a result, thrive when their environment, is bustling and filled with data their brains covert into knowledge.

You can read more about the MBTI in my book, Connecting the Dots … with The RESPECT PRINCIPLE or in the previous authors works, but for now, let’s just consider the accessible knowledge there are sixteen personality types, plus all the other influences of family, community, culture, financial status … plus what I call the Disrespect Philosophy that drives our unconscious conditioning, motivating us to think that a person should have to “earn or be awarded” respect … to be valued for just being a life.

Add religion, politics and the low RESPECT LEVELS of many people conditioned by the experience of being raised and living in a Disrespectful Philosophy-driven global culture and suddenly, it is easy to see it isn’t so much “difficult people” as it is a “difficult world.”

Difficult only though because one, we have been taught to not value others not like ourselves and two because, until now, we had not connected the dots to see each other differently from ourselves … and to accept not everyone has to be like us. Seeing “difficult” people through this new lens empowers us to positively change our thinking, our words and of course, our actions.

So what if we don’t like someone or approve of them? With our own increased awareness that boosts our own RESPECT LEVEL we learn our feelings or thoughts are not cause to hurt or harm with gossip, judgment, neglect or with physical violence. We learn we are just different and that difference is good, even great! Great because acknowledging our differences empowers us to more fully develop our differences, which is our potential, and as a result, to become more realized individuals … and citizens.

Difficult people? No. Just a difficult world shaped by the negative, limiting and harmful Disrespect Philosophy and supported by a lack of knowledge … till now.

June 4, 2014

Kaitlin A. Trepanier

All rights reserved by KAITLIN A. TREPANIER/ DARK HORSES PRODUCTIONS … Creative Writer, Visual Artist and The RESPECT Specialist, architect of the global initiative Connecting the Dots … with The RESPECT PRINCIPLE … because every child … every person … should know, by their own experience, they are valued … RESPECTED.